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Key Challenges

The Local Transport and Connectivity Plan will look at big challenges linked to transport. You can share your own views on these in your feedback. Some of the main challenges are:

Public Health

Good transport supports better health for people. The plan will look at ways transport can help make people healthier.

Cutting air pollution with cleaner transport will have huge benefits for people’s heart health and breathing. Fewer car journeys, more public transport use and more cycling and walking will all help. Outdoor air pollution is estimated to cost 40,000 lives in the UK every year.

Light pollution from artificial lighting is a widespread environmental challenge affecting Cambridgeshire and Peterborough. It can harm public health, the environment and the economy. Light pollution from transport must be reduced as much as possible.

More cycling and walking will make people more active. The UK has growing rates of obesity, heart disease and diabetes. A transport system which makes it easier and safer to walk or cycle to work, shops, schools and other places, will support people leading healthier lives.

Transport that better connects people with friends and family, hobbies, and other leisure also benefits people’s mental health and wellbeing. People with dementia can be helped by having a supportive, safe and simple to use transport system.

Access to good jobs or training and education is also important for people’s health. There is a clear link between good jobs and health. Transport can help improve public health by making society fairer, connecting people to more job opportunities, training and education.

Climate Change

The plan will guide how Cambridgeshire and Peterborough can cut carbon missions to net zero by 2050. The Combined Authority is also acting following the recommendations of the Cambridgeshire and Peterborough Independent Commission on Climate. Several of those recommendations are to reduce carbon emissions from transport and number of trips made by the private car.

With transport the main cause of greenhouse gases in our region, it is vital that we plan how
to reduce emissions successfully and fairly.

Nature and Environment

Protecting and making better our green spaces and improving nature can both be supported with a well-planned and good quality transport network.

Loss of habitats and plant and animal species continues. Without healthy ecosystems, public health also suffers. The Combined Authority wants to increase biodiversity in Cambridgeshire and Peterborough. That means finding ways in which transport can support greater numbers of different types of plants, insects, animals and other life in the region.

We are looking at how ‘Green Communities’, linked with good, clean transport, can boost
nature and allow more people to enjoy the natural environment. More detail on this will follow in the final Local Transport and Connectivity Plan.


The best transport is also the safest. The plan will look at how we can avoid all harm,
damage or loss from using transport of all kinds.

People may be less likely to use public transport or walk or cycle if they don’t feel safe and secure. People may not want to take their bicycle to the train station if they think it might be stolen. Safety makes a big difference on people’s travel choices.

We already work with partners like the police and fire service to reduce accidents on our roads, but we’ll plan to do more.

Crime and fear of crime must also be reduced. That includes issues around personal safety as well as theft. The plan will look at ways to continuously cut crime and help make people feel safer when using transport.


The Covid-19 pandemic saw major changes to how we travel. There was a lot more home working, more online shopping, people kept in touch with family on video calls and more leisure took place online. All this meant less use of cars, buses and trains. High streets were also quieter.

It is not yet clear what the long-term impacts will be. The Local Transport and Connectivity Plan includes the word ‘connectivity’ to recognise the importance of fast internet.

The plan will aim to adapt to any continuing trends following the pandemic.

Economy and future growth

With more houses planned to be built and a growing economy, transport must keep up. The plan will look at how transport can support future growth.

Current forecasts for Cambridgeshire and Peterborough are for over 68,000 new jobs by 2041. Future growth will mean more people and businesses needing to use our transport network. New, innovative thinking is needed to transform transport to support recent and future growth.

Improving productivity is seen as vital to the economy and creates higher wages.
Congestion, slow journeys to work and lack of access to good jobs and education, all harm productivity, holding jobs and the economy back. A well-planned transport network therefore can help make people and the economy more productive.


Cambridgeshire and Peterborough has a mix of cities, market towns and villages. Some parts are better connected with transport than others. Some suffer from lack of good public transport, congested or poor roads, and few cycling and walking options. A particular problem for people in some rural areas is not having access to a car or good public transport. Improving transport in areas which need it most will help make the region fairer and support local economies.

Moving goods and freight around also needs good planning, both in rural and urban places.

More information on the challenges we face can be found here: <LINK to new ‘Key Challenges> page